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12 Victoria

12 Victoria

12 Victoria
is a large Main belt asteroid. It is probably composed of silicate rock and nickel-iron.

It was discovered by J. R. Hind on September 13, 1850.

Victoria is officially named after the Roman goddess of victory, but the name also honours Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom. The goddess Victoria (Nike for the Greeks) was the daughter of Styx by the Titan Pallas. The coincidence with the name of the then-reigning queen caused quite a controversy at the time, and B. A. Gould, editor of the prestigious Astronomical Journal, adopted the alternate name Clio (now used by 84 Klio), proposed by the discoverer. However, W. C. Bond, of the Harvard College Observatory, then the highest authority on astronomy in America, held that the mythological condition was fulfilled and the name therefore acceptable, and his opinion eventually prevailed.

Radar and speckle interferometry observations show that the shape of Victoria is elongated, and it is suspected to be a binary asteroid. [1]

Victoria has been observed to occult stars 3 times.

Aspects

Stationary,
retrograde
Opposition Distance to
Earth (AU)
Maximum
brightness (mag)
Stationary,
prograde
Conjunction
to Sun
27 October 2004 18 December 2004 1.70042 10.8 6 February 2005 1 August 2005
20 January 2006 13 March 2006 1.62172 10.7 30 April 2006 26 November 2006
23 August 2007 7 October 2007 1.05177 9.3 9 November 2007 10 June 2008
28 November 2008 23 January 2009 1.87658 11.2 15 March 2009 9 September 2009
31 March 2010 10 May 2010 1.08759 9.2 21 June 2010 17 March 2011
15 October 2011 5 December 2011 1.57596 10.5 22 January 2012 19 July 2012
5 January 2013 27 February 2013 1.73794 11.0 17 April 2013 1 November 2013
22 July 2014 3 September 2014 0.89385 8.9 3 October 2014 26 May 2015
18 November 2015 12 January 2016 1.85271 11.2 4 March 2016 26 August 2016
3 March 2017 16 April 2017 1.28461 9.9 30 May 2017 7 February 2018
2 October 2018 19 November 2018 1.42170 10.0 4 January 2019 8 July 2019
23 December 2019 16 February 2020 1.81915 11.1 6 April 2020 11 October 2020


Minor planets
Previous minor planet 12 Victoria Next minor planet
List of asteroids
The minor planets
Vulcanoids | Near-Earth asteroids | Main belt | Jupiter Trojans | Centaurs | Damocloids | Comets | Trans-Neptunians (Kuiper belt · Scattered disc · Oort cloud)
For other objects and regions, see: asteroid groups and families, binary asteroids, asteroid moons and the Solar system
For a complete listing, see: List of asteroids. See also Pronunciation of asteroid names and Meanings of asteroid names.

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